The Importance of Recognizing Mental Development of Children Early

In addition to physical growth, the child’s character will further develop with age and need more attention from parents. Mental and psychological development affects the cognitive development of the baby too.

Couple arguing behind their children

Stage of Cognitive Development of Children

Mother can recognize various stages of cognitive development. This will help the Mother a lot in determining the psychological development of the baby. The following four stages of cognitive development of children according to French psychologist, Jean Piaget:

  • Sensorimotor Stage

At the age of 2 years, the baby begins to learn about the world through the senses. Babies also begin to recognize objects before their eyes at this stage.

  • Preoperational Stage

Children aged 2-7 years develop memory and imagination. At this age, the baby is able to understand symbolic things and understand past and future ideas.

  • Concrete Operational Stage

At the age of 7-11, babies become more aware of external events and feelings other than their own feelings. They begin to understand that not everyone shares their thoughts, beliefs, or feelings.

  • Formal Operational Stage

At the age of 11 years or more, the baby begins to enter this stage. They can use logic to solve problems, see the world around them, and plan for the future.

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Do you know? Cognitive development is based on the cognitive skills of the baby. Cognitive skills include attention, short-term memory, long-term memory, logic and reasoning, auditory processing, visual processing, and processing speed. If your baby is able to think, learn, read, remember, pay attention, and solve problems, it is a sign that his cognitive skills have been honed well.

Furthermore, short-term and long-term memory develops between the ages of 2 and 5 years. Hearing processing is very important for baby reading skills to develop between the ages of 5 and 7 years. Logic and reasoning also become more established during after the age of 5 years. At the age of 5 years, the cognitive development of Mother’s baby will increase so that he can make ideas.

The Important Role of Cognitive Skills

Mothers should start taking the initiative to train their children’s cognitive skills early on. This is the best way to support the development of children to adulthood, both mentally and psychologically.

It is not uncommon to find cases of children having chronic diseases when they are teenagers or even adults. That is due to the lack of emotional, social, and cognitive strength of children. Mothers should also apply positive values ​​for the development of the baby. This includes teaching children to compete positively, both in social and educational settings; increase self-confidence and maintain self-esteem; respect social and cultural rules to act on good morals; and hone sympathy and empathy for others.

Mental and psychological quality development will have a good effect on the temperament of the baby and personality as a teenager and adult. This also affects the long term as they begin to enter the career path phase.

When entering the early stages of maturity, children must have adaptive social functions that are good for their career lives. This can be measured by its stability. An unstable career especially in the context of long-term unemployment is associated with subjective satisfaction and low self-esteem. To achieve this is quite simple. Mothers can begin to exercise self-confidence in their potential early on.

Now Mother can find out whether the development of the baby, especially mentally and psychologically, is ripe or not at school age 5-12 years. There are several signs that Mother can recognize, including if the child is able to escape from parents for a limited time without causing tension.

Babies are also able to divert attention from parents to other adults so they are able to impress others besides their own parents. Children are also able to work with peers, and understand the rules of the game.

This ability is also enhanced by an interest in learning something new, and being able to complete a given task. When Mother finds these signs, it means that the baby is ripe mentally and psychologically.

If you have not found this mark, you may be able to consult with your child’s doctor or psychologist. The involvement of experts is very instrumental in determining the best steps to overcome this problem. One important note that you should pay attention to is to remain calm and always provide the best support for your beloved baby.

Maintaining Mental Health During the Corona Virus Pandemic

The Corona virus pandemic not only threatens physical health, but also the mental health of every individual. Not only fear, psychological effects can also have a serious impact. What mental health disorders can arise and how to overcome them?

Outbreaks of Corona virus infection or COVID-19 are widespread and have spread to more than 190 countries. At present the number of COVID-19 positive patients is increasing rapidly.

This certainly can cause fear and panic. Moreover, the suggestion to stay at home and the social distancing policy, which is now called physical distancing, more or less creates emotional distance between family, friends, coworkers, friends, or fellowship in places of worship that can provide mutual support.

For some people, this can be felt as an enormous pressure or burden. If not controlled, the pressure will have a negative impact on mental health.

Mental Health Disorders During Corona Virus Pandemic

Mental health disorders that occur during a pandemic can be caused by various things, such as fear of epidemics, feelings of isolation during quarantine, sadness and loneliness due to being away from family or loved ones, anxiety about the necessities of daily life, plus confusion due to information mazy.

Not only do these things affect people who have mental health problems, such as depression or generalized anxiety disorder, they can also affect people who are physically and mentally healthy.

Some groups that are vulnerable to psychological stress during the Corona virus pandemic are children, the elderly, and medical staff. Pressure that occurs during this pandemic can cause disruption in the form of:

  • Excessive fear and anxiety for the safety of yourself and those closest to you
  • Changes in sleep patterns and eating patterns
  • Difficult to concentrate
  • Alcohol and drug abuse
  • Deteriorating physical health, especially in sufferers of chronic diseases, such as diabetes and hypertension
  • Psychosomatic disorders

Tips for Maintaining Mental Health During the Corona Virus Pandemic

The following are some things you can do to maintain mental health during the Corona virus pandemic:

1. Do physical activity

Various light sports, such as jogging or jumping on the spot, you can do during quarantine at home. By doing physical activity, your body will produce endorphins which can relieve stress, reduce worry, and improve your mood.

Stretching and breathing exercises can also help you to calm down. Don’t forget to bask in the morning sun to boost the immune system.

2. Eat nutritious foods

Eat foods that contain protein, healthy fats, carbohydrates, vitamins, minerals and fiber. You can get a variety of nutrients from rice and cereal, fruits, vegetables, seafood, meat, nuts, and milk.

Not only to maintain your body’s health, adequate nutrition can also maintain your mental health, both directly and indirectly.

3. Stop bad habits

If you are a smoker, try to stop these bad habits from now on. Smoking will increase your risk of getting infected with germs, including Corona virus. In addition, limit the consumption of alcoholic beverages.

Smoking and consuming alcoholic beverages can interfere with your physical and mental health.

Bad habits that also need to be stopped are lack of rest or often staying up late. If you don’t get enough rest, it will be easier for you to experience anxiety and your mood will be more unstable.

4. Make your own routine

During quarantine at home, you can do hobbies or activities that you like, such as cooking, reading books, or watching movies. In addition to increasing productivity, these activities can also eliminate boredom.

5. It is more wise to sort out information

Limit your time to watch, read, or hear news about pandemics, both from television, print and social media to reduce anxiety.

Even so, do not close yourself completely from important information. Sort out the information you receive critically and wisely. Get information about the Corona virus pandemic only from trusted sources.

6. Maintain communication with family and friends

Take the time to communicate with your family, friends, friends and coworkers, either via text message, telephone, or video call. You can tell the worries and anxieties that you feel. In this way, the pressure you feel can be reduced so that you can be calmer.

If you do have a mental disorder, take medication that your doctor has prescribed regularly. If necessary, check with your doctor regularly so your doctor can monitor the progress of your condition.

Fear and anxiety are normal during a pandemic like this. However, try to always think positive and grateful. If the stress and fear that you experience feels very heavy, do not hesitate to consult with a psychologist or psychiatrist through the chat feature with a doctor on the e-nikka.ca application.